If you want to get table schema / structure information with T-SQL, you have several options, the most commonly used by me are:

Using the system stored procedure sp_help

exec sp_help ‘<your table name>’

 

Using a custom query

-- Dump table schema / structure info
declare @tabelObjectId int
set @tabelObjectId = Object_ID(N'<Your table name>')

select
  'Column_name' = ac.name,
  'Type'        = type_name(ac.user_type_id),
  'Length'            = convert(int, ac.max_length),
  'Nullable'        = case when ac.is_nullable = 0 then 'No' else 'Yes' end,
  'Identity'    = case when ac.is_identity = 0 then 'No' else 'Yes' end,
  'PK'          = case when exists(
                    select 1 from sys.index_columns ic
                    inner join sys.columns c  on  ic.object_id = c.object_id
                                              and c.column_id = ic.column_id
                    where ic.object_id = @tabelObjectId and c.name = ac.name
                  ) then 'Yes' else 'No' end,
  'FK'          = case when exists(
                    select 1 from sys.foreign_key_columns fc
                    inner join sys.columns c  on  c.object_id = parent_object_id
                                              and c.column_id = fc.parent_column_id
                    where fc.parent_object_id = @tabelObjectId and c.name = ac.name
                  ) then 'Yes' else 'No' end
from sys.all_columns ac where ac.object_id = @tabelObjectId

Result for a table

 

Column_name Type Length Nullable Identity PK FK
Id int 4 No Yes Yes No
AddressId int 4 No No No Yes
Weekday smallint 2 No No No No
From time 5 Yes No No No
To time 5 Yes No No No
ResetDate date 3 Yes No No No

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.